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The Basics


How The Eye Works

​The healthy eye works very much like a camera. Light passes through a series of lenses in the front of the...

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The Retina

​The retina is the nerve layer that lines the inside back wall of the eye. Blood is supplied to the retina by...

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The Vitreous

​Many serious eye conditions are caused by problems with the vitreous. The vitreous gel is a clear substance...

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Retinal Disease


Flashes and Floaters

Flashes and floaters are most commonly experienced when the vitreous gel separates from the retina. This separation of the...

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Retinal Tears

When a PVD occurs, the vitreous separates from the retina. In some cases, it can pull too hard on a single spot creating a...

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Retinal Detachment

Most retinal detachments occur following a retinal tear. The retinal tear allows fluid to move between the retina and the...

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Macular Degeneration

Age Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is a disease which causes damage to the macula. The macula is in the center of the...

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Diabetic Retinopathy

Diabetes is a disorder of sugar utilization and storage which causes damage to blood vessels throughout the body. When the...

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Macular Hole

A Macular Hole is an abnormal opening in the center of the macula. A macular hole is small, but because it occurs in the...

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Central Serous Retinopathy

Central Serous Retinopathy (CSR) is a condition in which a small pool of fluid accumulates under the macula.

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Epiretinal Membrane

An Epiretinal Membrane (ERM) or macular pucker is caused by a fibrous membrane that grows over the macular surface.

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Cystoid Macular Edema

Cystoid Macular Edema (CME) usually occurs due to ocular inflammation. The inflammation within the eye produces chemicals...

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Central Retinal Vein Occlusion

Central Retinal Vein Occlusion (CRVO) occurs when the main retinal vein is blocked. Because the blood can no longer travel...

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Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion

Branch Retinal Vein Occlusion (BRVO) is similar to a central retinal vein occlusion, but only effects a portion of the...

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Retinopathy of Prematurity

Retinopathy of Prematurity (ROP) is a condition effecting the retina in premature infants. As the retina develops, blood...

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Glaucoma


Glaucoma

Glaucoma is a disease in which elevation of eye pressure causes damage to the optic nerve. The optic nerve contains over 1...

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Optic Nerve Disease


Anterior Ischemic Optic Neuropathy (AION)

AION occurs when the blood supply to the optic nerve becomes compromised. This causes swelling,...

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Infectious Optic Neuritis

Infectious Optic Neuritis occurs when viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi invade the optic nerve...

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Optic Neuritis

Typical Optic Neuritis is due to inflammation of the covering (myelin) of the neurons within the optic...

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Papilledema

Papilledema is optic nerve swelling to both eyes due to increased fluid pressure within the brain. The...

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Ocular Inflammation


Ocular Infections

Ocular infections, when severe, may lead to decreased vision, blindness, and even loss of the eye. Infections may be due...

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Parsplanitis

Parsplanitis is inflammation in the middle cavity of the eye. It involves the vitreous and anterior retina. Most patients...

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Retinitis

Retinitis is inflammation or infection of the retina. Symptoms are varied and may include pain, redness, floaters and...

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Uveitis

Anterior uveitis, also known as iritis, is inflammation within the front cavity of the eye. Symptoms are varied and often...

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Trauma


Blunt Trauma

Blunt trauma usually occurs when the eye is hit by a large, non-penetrating object such as a baseball, fist, or airbag....

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Penetrating Injury

Penetrating Trauma occurs when an object penetrates the eye. CT scan is usually indicated to determine if a foreign body...

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Ocular Oncology



Mohawk Valley Retina
4350 Middle Settlement Rd
New Hartford, NY 13413
P: (315) 732-0995